score:80

Accepted answer

It makes you able to do e.g.:

scala> def foo(as: Int*)(bs: Int*)(cs: Int*) = as.sum * bs.sum * cs.sum
foo: (as: Int*)(bs: Int*)(cs: Int*)Int

scala> foo(1, 2, 3)(4, 5, 6, 7, 9)(10, 11)
res7: Int = 3906

score:15

I know one of the motivations was implicit parameter lists. "implicit" is a property of the list, not the parameter. Another was probably case classes: only the first parameter list become case fields.

score:22

Back references in default arguments:

case class Foo(bar: Int)

def test(f: Foo)(i: Int = f.bar) = i*i

test(Foo(3))()

score:30

To answer your "related question," currying is simply a way of turning a function of multiple arguments, for example (A, B, C) => D, into a function which takes one argument and returns a function, e.g. A => (B => (C => D)) (parentheses shown but not necessary).

The tuple-ized form and the curried form are isomorphic, and we may translate freely between them. All of these are equivalent, but have different syntactic implications:

(A, B, C, D, E) => F
((A, B), (C, D, E)) => F
(A, B) => (C, D, E) => F

When you declare separate parameter groups, this is the kind of currying you're doing. The multi-parameter-group method is a method which returns a function... you can see this in the REPL:

scala> def foo(a:Int, b:Int)(c:Int, d:Int, e:Int):Int = 9
foo: (a: Int,b: Int)(c: Int,d: Int,e: Int)Int

scala> foo _                                             
res4: (Int, Int) => (Int, Int, Int) => Int = <function2>

score:49

As well as allowing you to write methods that look like part of the language (which you already spotted), it's worth noting that the type inferencer will work with one block at a time.

So in this:

def foo[T](a: T, b: T)(op: (T,T)=>T) = op(a,b)
foo(1,2){_+_}

T will first be inferred as Int, which will then be used as the type of the two underscores in the closure. This is how the compiler then knows, with complete type safety, that the + operation is valid.


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