Accepted answer

Your last suggestion works, but you can also avoid using jcl.Buffer:

Set(javaApi.query(...).toArray: _*)

Note that scala.collection.immutable.Set is made available by default thanks to Predef.scala.


You could convert the Java collection to an array and then create a Scala list from that:

val array = java.util.Arrays.asList("one","two","three").toArray
val list = List.fromArray(array)


Another simple way to solve this problem:

import collection.convert.wrapAll._


You can add the type information in the toArray call to make the Set be parameterized:

 val s = Set(javaApi.query(....).toArray(new Array[String](0)) : _*)

This might be preferable as the collections package is going through a major rework for Scala 2.8 and the scala.collection.jcl package is going away


val array = java.util.Arrays.asList("one","two","three").toArray

val list =[String])


Starting Scala 2.13, package scala.jdk.CollectionConverters replaces packages scala.collection.JavaConverters/JavaConversions._:

import scala.jdk.CollectionConverters._

// val javaList: java.util.List[String] = java.util.Arrays.asList("one","two","three")
// collection.mutable.Buffer[String] = Buffer("one", "two", "three")
// collection.immutable.Set[String] = Set("one", "two", "three")


You may also want to explore this excellent library: scalaj-collection that has two-way conversion between Java and Scala collections. In your case, to convert a java.util.List to Scala List you can do this:

val list = new java.util.ArrayList[java.lang.String]


JavaConversions (robinst's answer) and JavaConverters (Ben James's answer) have been deprecated with Scala 2.10.

Instead of JavaConversions use:

import scala.collection.convert.wrapAll._

as suggested by aleksandr_hramcov.

Instead of JavaConverters use:

import scala.collection.convert.decorateAll._

For both there is also the possibility to only import the conversions/converters to Java or Scala respectively, e.g.:

import scala.collection.convert.wrapAsScala._

Update: The statement above that JavaConversions and JavaConverters were deprecated seems to be wrong. There were some deprecated properties in Scala 2.10, which resulted in deprecation warnings when importing them. So the alternate imports here seem to be only aliases. Though I still prefer them, as IMHO the names are more appropriate.


If you want to be more explicit than the JavaConversions demonstrated in robinst's answer, you can use JavaConverters:

import scala.collection.JavaConverters._
val l = new java.util.ArrayList[java.lang.String]
val s = l.asScala.toSet


For future reference: With Scala 2.8, it could be done like this:

import scala.collection.JavaConversions._
val list = new java.util.ArrayList[String]()
val set = list.toSet

set is a scala.collection.immutable.Set[String] after this.

Also see Ben James' answer for a more explicit way (using JavaConverters), which seems to be recommended now.

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