score:41

Accepted answer

You actually do not need to mock react-router-dom (at least for v5) as it provides a bunch of testing tools: https://v5.reactrouter.com/web/guides/testing

To check your history is actually changed, you can use createMemoryHistory and inspect its content:

import React from 'react';
import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react';
import userEvent from '@testing-library/user-event';
import { Menu } from './Menu';
import { createMemoryHistory } from 'history'
import { Router } from 'react-router-dom';

test('triggers path change', () => {
  const history = createMemoryHistory();

  render(
    <Router history={history}>
      <Menu />
    </Router>
  );

  const aboutItem = screen.getByText('About');
  expect(aboutItem).toBeInTheDocument();

  userEvent.click(aboutItem);
  expect(history.length).toBe(2);
  expect(history.location.pathname).toBe('/about');
});

score:-2

This may be helpful. You can use jest.fn() to mock history.push().

const historyMock = { push: jest.fn() }   

expect(historyMock.push.mock.calls[0]).toEqual([
        {
          pathname: "/profile", // URL
          search: , // search-data
        },
      ]);

score:95

Use jest.mock in module scope will automatically be hoisted to the top of the code block. So that you can get the mocked version react-router-dom in NotFound.jsx file and your test file.

Besides, we only want to mock useHistory hook, so we should use jest.requireActual() to get the original module and keep other methods as the original version.

Here is the solution:

NotFound.jsx:

import React from 'react';
import { useHistory } from 'react-router-dom';

const RouteNotFound = () => {
  const history = useHistory();
  return (
    <div>
      <button onClick={() => history.push('/help')} />
    </div>
  );
};

export default RouteNotFound;

NotFound.test.jsx:

import React from 'react';
import { MemoryRouter } from 'react-router-dom';
import { render, fireEvent } from '@testing-library/react';
import RouteNotFound from './NotFound';

const mockHistoryPush = jest.fn();

jest.mock('react-router-dom', () => ({
  ...jest.requireActual('react-router-dom'),
  useHistory: () => ({
    push: mockHistoryPush,
  }),
}));

describe('RouteNotFound', () => {
  it('Redirects to correct URL on click', () => {
    const { getByRole } = render(
      <MemoryRouter>
        <RouteNotFound />
      </MemoryRouter>,
    );

    fireEvent.click(getByRole('button'));
    expect(mockHistoryPush).toHaveBeenCalledWith('/help');
  });
});

Unit test result with 100% coverage:

PASS  src/stackoverflow/58524183/NotFound.test.jsx
  RouteNotFound
    ✓ Redirects to correct URL on click (66ms)

--------------|----------|----------|----------|----------|-------------------|
File          |  % Stmts | % Branch |  % Funcs |  % Lines | Uncovered Line #s |
--------------|----------|----------|----------|----------|-------------------|
All files     |      100 |      100 |      100 |      100 |                   |
 NotFound.jsx |      100 |      100 |      100 |      100 |                   |
--------------|----------|----------|----------|----------|-------------------|
Test Suites: 1 passed, 1 total
Tests:       1 passed, 1 total
Snapshots:   0 total
Time:        5.133s, estimated 11s

Source code: https://github.com/mrdulin/jest-codelab/tree/master/src/stackoverflow/58524183


Related Query

More Query from same tag