score:273

Accepted answer

setState() is usually asynchronous, which means that at the time you console.log the state, it's not updated yet. Try putting the log in the callback of the setState() method. It is executed after the state change is complete:

this.setState({ dealersOverallTotal: total }, () => {
  console.log(this.state.dealersOverallTotal, 'dealersOverallTotal1');
}); 

score:1

just add componentDidUpdate(){} method in your code, and it will work. you can check the life cycle of react native here:

https://images.app.goo.gl/BVRAi4ea2P4LchqJ8

score:2

I had the same situation with some convoluted code, and nothing from the existing suggestions worked for me.

My problem was that setState was happening from callback func, issued by one of the components. And my suspicious is that the call was occurring synchronously, which prevented setState from setting state at all.

Simply put I have something like this:

render() {
    <Control
        ref={_ => this.control = _}
        onChange={this.handleChange}
        onUpdated={this.handleUpdate} />
}

handleChange() {
    this.control.doUpdate();
}

handleUpdate() {
    this.setState({...});
}

The way I had to "fix" it was to put doUpdate() into setTimeout like this:

handleChange() {
    setTimeout(() => { this.control.doUpdate(); }, 10);
}

Not ideal, but otherwise it would be a significant refactoring.

score:2

As well as noting the asynchronous nature of setState, be aware that you may have competing event handlers, one doing the state change you want and the other immediately undoing it again. For example onClick on a component whose parent also handles the onClick. Check by adding trace. Prevent this by using e.stopPropagation.

score:2

If you work with funcions you need to use UseEffect to deal with setState's asynchrony (you can't use the callback as you did when working with classes). An example:

import { useState, useEffect } from "react";

export default function App() {
 const [animal, setAnimal] = useState(null);

 function changeAnimal(newAnimal) {
  setAnimal(newAnimal);
  // here 'animal' is not what you would expect
  console.log("1", animal);
 }

 useEffect(() => {
  if (animal) {
   console.log("2", animal);
  }
 }, [animal]);

 return (
  <div className="App">
  <button onClick={() => changeAnimal("dog")} />
 </div>
 );
}

First console.log returns null, and the second one returns 'dog'

score:10

The setState() operation is asynchronous and hence your console.log() will be executed before the setState() mutates the values and hence you see the result.

To solve it, log the value in the callback function of setState(), like:

setTimeout(() => {
    this.setState({dealersOverallTotal: total},
    function(){
       console.log(this.state.dealersOverallTotal, 'dealersOverallTotal1');
    });
}, 10)

score:10

I had an issue when setting react state multiple times (it always used default state). Following this react/github issue worked for me

const [state, setState] = useState({
  foo: "abc",
  bar: 123
});

// Do this!
setState(prevState => {
  return {
    ...prevState,
    foo: "def"
  };
});
setState(prevState => {
  return {
    ...prevState,
    bar: 456
  };
});

score:11

The setState is asynchronous in react, so to see the updated state in console use the callback as shown below (Callback function will execute after the setState update)

this.setState({ email: 'test@example.com' }, () => {
   console.log(this.state.email)
)}

score:14

Using async/await

async changeHandler(event) {
    await this.setState({ yourName: event.target.value });
    console.log(this.state.yourName);
}

score:24

setState is asynchronous. You can use callback method to get updated state.

changeHandler(event) {
    this.setState({ yourName: event.target.value }, () => 
    console.log(this.state.yourName));
 }

score:25

In case of hooks, you should use useEffect hook.

const [fruit, setFruit] = useState('');

setFruit('Apple');

useEffect(() => {
  console.log('Fruit', fruit);
}, [fruit])

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