score:135

Accepted answer

You can use useEffect/useLayoutEffect to achieve this:

const SomeComponent = () => {
  const [count, setCount] = React.useState(0)

  React.useEffect(() => {
    if (count > 1) {
      document.title = 'Threshold of over 1 reached.';
    } else {
      document.title = 'No threshold reached.';
    }
  }, [count]);

  return (
    <div>
      <p>{count}</p>

      <button type="button" onClick={() => setCount(count + 1)}>
        Increase
      </button>
    </div>
  );
};

If you want to prevent the callback from running on first render, adjust the previous version:

const SomeComponent = () => {
  const [count, setCount] = React.useState(0)

  const didMount = React.useRef(false);

  React.useEffect(() => {
    if (!didMount.current) {
      didMount.current = true;
      return;
    }

    if (count > 1) {
      document.title = 'Threshold of over 1 reached.';
    } else {
      document.title = 'No threshold reached.';
    }
  }, [count]);

  return (
    <div>
      <p>{count}</p>

      <button type="button" onClick={() => setCount(count + 1)}>
        Increase
      </button>
    </div>
  );
};

More about it over here.

score:3

function Parent() {
  const [Name, setName] = useState("");
  getChildChange = getChildChange.bind(this);
  function getChildChange(value) {
    setName(value);
  }

  return <div> {Name} :
    <Child getChildChange={getChildChange} ></Child>
  </div>
}

function Child(props) {
  const [Name, setName] = useState("");
  handleChange = handleChange.bind(this);
  collectState = collectState.bind(this);
  
  function handleChange(ele) {
    setName(ele.target.value);
  }

  function collectState() {
    return Name;
  }
  
   useEffect(() => {
    props.getChildChange(collectState());
   });

  return (<div>
    <input onChange={handleChange} value={Name}></input>
  </div>);
} 

useEffect act as componentDidMount, componentDidUpdate, so after updating state it will work

score:3

you can utilize useCallback hook to do this.

function Parent() {
  const [name, setName] = useState("");
  const getChildChange = useCallback( (updatedName) => {
    setName(updatedName);
  }, []);

  return <div> {name} :
    <Child getChildChange={getChildChange} ></Child>
  </div>
}

function Child(props) {
  const [name, setName] = useState("");

  function handleChange(ele) {
    setName(ele.target.value);
    props.getChildChange(ele.target.value);
  }

  function collectState() {
    return name;
  }

  return (<div>
    <input onChange={handleChange} value={name}></input>
  </div>);
}

score:5

Another way to achieve this:

const [Name, setName] = useState({val:"", callback: null});
React.useEffect(()=>{
  console.log(Name)
  const {callback} = Name;
  callback && callback();
}, [Name]);
setName({val:'foo', callback: ()=>setName({val: 'then bar'})})

score:7

we can write customise function which will call the callBack function if any changes in the state

import React, { useState, useEffect } from "react";
import ReactDOM from "react-dom";

import "./styles.css";

const useStateCallbackWrapper = (initilValue, callBack) => {
  const [state, setState] = useState(initilValue);
  useEffect(() => callBack(state), [state]);
  return [state, setState];
};

const callBack = state => {
  console.log("---------------", state);
};
function App() {
  const [count, setCount] = useStateCallbackWrapper(0, callBack);
  return (
    <div className="App">
      <h1>{count}</h1>
      <button onClick={() => setCount(count + 1)}>+</button>
      <h2>Start editing to see some magic happen!</h2>
    </div>
  );
}

const rootElement = document.getElementById("root");
ReactDOM.render(<App />, rootElement);

`

score:11

Actually, you should avoid using this when using react hooks. It causes side effects. That's why react team create react hooks.

If you remove codes that tries to bind this, you can just simply pass setName of Parent to Child and call it in handleChange. Cleaner code!

function Parent() {
  const [Name, setName] = useState("");

  return <div> {Name} :
    <Child setName={setName} ></Child>
  </div>
}

function Child(props) {
  const [Name, setName] = useState("");

  function handleChange(ele) {
    setName(ele.target.value);
    props.setName(ele.target.value);
  }

  return (<div>
    <input onChange={handleChange} value={Name}></input>
  </div>);
} 

Moreover, you don't have to create two copies of Name(one in Parent and the other one in Child). Stick to "Single Source of Truth" principle, Child doesn't have to own the state Name but receive it from Parent. Cleanerer node!

function Parent() {
  const [Name, setName] = useState("");

  return <div> {Name} :
    <Child setName={setName} Name={Name}></Child>
  </div>
}

function Child(props) {    
  function handleChange(ele) {
    props.setName(ele.target.value);
  }

  return (<div>
    <input onChange={handleChange} value={props.Name}></input>
  </div>);
} 

score:35

With React16.x and up, if you want to invoke a callback function on state change using useState hook, you can use the useEffect hook attached to the state change.

import React, { useEffect } from "react";

useEffect(() => {
  props.getChildChange(name); // using camelCase for variable name is recommended.
}, [name]); // this will call getChildChange when ever name changes.

score:105

setState(updater, callback) for useState

Following implementation comes really close to the original setState callback of classes.

Improvements made to accepted answer:

  1. Callback execution is omitted on initial render - we only want to call it on state updates
  2. Callback can be dynamic for each setState invocation, like with classes

Usage

const App = () => {
  const [state, setState] = useStateCallback(0); // same API as useState

  const handleClick = () => {
    setState(
      prev => prev + 1,
      // second argument is callback, `s` being the *updated* state
      s => console.log("I am called after setState, state:", s)
    );
  };

  return <button onClick={handleClick}>Increment</button>;
}

useStateCallback

function useStateCallback(initialState) {
  const [state, setState] = useState(initialState);
  const cbRef = useRef(null); // init mutable ref container for callbacks

  const setStateCallback = useCallback((state, cb) => {
    cbRef.current = cb; // store current, passed callback in ref
    setState(state);
  }, []); // keep object reference stable, exactly like `useState`

  useEffect(() => {
    // cb.current is `null` on initial render, 
    // so we only invoke callback on state *updates*
    if (cbRef.current) {
      cbRef.current(state);
      cbRef.current = null; // reset callback after execution
    }
  }, [state]);

  return [state, setStateCallback];
}

Further info: React Hooks FAQ: Is there something like instance variables?

Working example

const App = () => {
  const [state, setState] = useStateCallback(0);

  const handleClick = () =>
    setState(
      prev => prev + 1,
      // important: use `s`, not the stale/old closure value `state`
      s => console.log("I am called after setState, state:", s)
    );

  return (
    <div>
      <p>Hello Comp. State: {state} </p>
      <button onClick={handleClick}>Click me</button>
    </div>
  );
}

function useStateCallback(initialState) {
  const [state, setState] = useState(initialState);
  const cbRef = useRef(null);

  const setStateCallback = useCallback((state, cb) => {
    cbRef.current = cb; 
    setState(state);
  }, []);

  useEffect(() => {
    if (cbRef.current) {
      cbRef.current(state);
      cbRef.current = null;
    }
  }, [state]);

  return [state, setStateCallback];
}

ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById("root"));
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react/16.13.0/umd/react.production.min.js" integrity="sha256-32Gmw5rBDXyMjg/73FgpukoTZdMrxuYW7tj8adbN8z4=" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react-dom/16.13.0/umd/react-dom.production.min.js" integrity="sha256-bjQ42ac3EN0GqK40pC9gGi/YixvKyZ24qMP/9HiGW7w=" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
<script>var { useReducer, useEffect, useState, useRef, useCallback } = React</script>
<div id="root"></div>


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