score:877

Accepted answer

For child-parent communication you should pass a function setting the state from parent to child, like this


class Parent extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props)

    this.handler = this.handler.bind(this)
  }

  handler() {
    this.setState({
      someVar: 'some value'
    })
  }

  render() {
    return <Child handler = {this.handler} />
  }
}

class Child extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return <Button onClick = {this.props.handler}/ >
  }
}

This way the child can update the parent's state with the call of a function passed with props.

But you will have to rethink your components' structure, because as I understand components 5 and 3 are not related.

One possible solution is to wrap them in a higher level component which will contain the state of both component 1 and 3. This component will set the lower level state through props.

score:-5

<Footer 
  action={()=>this.setState({showChart: true})}
/>

<footer className="row">
    <button type="button" onClick={this.props.action}>Edit</button>
  {console.log(this.props)}
</footer>

Try this example to write inline setState, it avoids creating another function.

score:0

You can do it by passing a reference for the parent to child, as:

  1. Having a parent component A in A.js with a method updateAState
  2. Having a child component B in B.js
  3. Having a wrapper function that renders <A><B></B></A> in C.js
  4. In C.js you can use useRef as following:
import React, { useRef } from "react";

export default function C()
{
  const parentARef = useRef();
  const handleChildBClick = () => parentARef.current.updateAState();
  return (
    <A ref={parentARef}>
      <B onClick={handleChildBClick}>
      </B>
    </A>
  );
}

Guidance Reference: https://stackoverflow.com/a/56496607/1770571

score:0

Parent Component

 function Parent() {
        const [value, setValue] = React.useState("");

        function handleChange(newValue) {
          setValue(newValue);
        }

        // We pass a callback to Child
        return <Child value={value} onChange={handleChange} />;
    }

Child Component

    function Child(props) {
         function handleChange(event) {
             // Here, we invoke the callback with the new value
             props.onChange(event.target.value);
         }
  
         return <input value={props.value} onChange={handleChange} />
    }

score:1

To set state of parent in the child you can use callback.

const Child = ({handleClick}) => (
    <button on click={() => handleClick('some vale')}>change value</button>
)

const parent = () => {
    const [value, setValue] = useState(null)

    return <Child handleClick={setValue} />
}

In your structure it seems Components 1 an 3 are brothers. So you has 3 options:

1- Put the state into the parent of them(not recommended for 4 layer parent-child).

2- Use useContext and useRducer(or useState) together.

3- Use state managers like redux, mobx ...

score:1

This seem to work for me

Parent:

...

const [open, setOpen] = React.useState(false);

const handleDrawerClose = () => {
    setOpen(false);
  };

...

return (
                <PrimaryNavigationAccordion           
                  handleDrawerClose={handleDrawerClose}               
                />
              );

Child:

...

export default function PrimaryNavigationAccordion({
  props,
  handleDrawerClose,
})

...

<Link
                    to={menuItem.url}
                    component={RouterLink}
                    color="inherit"
                    underline="hover"
                    onClick={() => handleDrawerClose()}
                  >
                    {menuItem.label}
                  </Link>

score:2

This is the way I do it:

type ParentProps = {}
type ParentState = { someValue: number }
class Parent extends React.Component<ParentProps, ParentState> {
    constructor(props: ParentProps) {
        super(props)
        this.state = { someValue: 0 }

        this.handleChange = this.handleChange.bind(this)
    }

    handleChange(value: number) {
        this.setState({...this.state, someValue: value})
    }

    render() {
        return <div>
            <Child changeFunction={this.handleChange} defaultValue={this.state.someValue} />
            <p>Value: {this.state.someValue}</p>
        </div>
    }
}

type ChildProps = { defaultValue: number, changeFunction: (value: number) => void}
type ChildState = { anotherValue: number }
class Child extends React.Component<ChildProps, ChildState> {
    constructor(props: ChildProps) {
        super(props)
        this.state = { anotherValue: this.props.defaultValue }

        this.handleChange = this.handleChange.bind(this)
    }

    handleChange(value: number) {
        this.setState({...this.state, anotherValue: value})
        this.props.changeFunction(value)
    }

    render() {
        return <div>
            <input onChange={event => this.handleChange(Number(event.target.value))} type='number' value={this.state.anotherValue}/>
        </div>
    }
}

score:2

As per your question, I understand that you need to display some conditional data in Component 3 which is based on the state of Component 5. Approach:

  1. The state of Component 3 will hold a variable to check whether Component 5's state has that data
  2. An arrow function which will change Component 3's state variable.
  3. Passing an arrow function to Component 5 with props.
  4. Component 5 has an arrow function which will change Component 3's state variable
  5. An arrow function of Component 5 called on loading itself

<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react/16.6.3/umd/react.production.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react-dom/16.6.3/umd/react-dom.production.min.js"></script>
Class Component3 extends React.Component {
    state = {
        someData = true
    }

    checkForData = (result) => {
        this.setState({someData : result})
    }

    render() {
        if(this.state.someData) {
            return(
                <Component5 hasData = {this.checkForData} />
                //Other Data
            );
        }
        else {
            return(
                //Other Data
            );
        }
    }
}

export default Component3;

class Component5 extends React.Component {
    state = {
        dataValue = "XYZ"
    }
    checkForData = () => {
        if(this.state.dataValue === "XYZ") {
            this.props.hasData(true);
        }
        else {
            this.props.hasData(false);
        }
    }
    render() {
        return(
            <div onLoad = {this.checkForData}>
                //Conditional Data
            </div>
        );
    }
}
export default Component5;

score:2

Here is a short snippet to get two ways binding data.

The counter show the value from the parent and is updated from the child

class Parent extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props)
    this.handler = this.handler.bind(this)
     this.state = {
      count: 0
     }
  }

  handler() {
    this.setState({
      count: this.state.count + 1
    })
  }

  render() {
    return <Child handler={this.handler} count={this.state.count} />
  }
}

class Child extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return <button onClick={this.props.handler}>Count {this.props.count}</button>
  }
}

ReactDOM.render(<Parent />, document.getElementById("root"));
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react/16.6.3/umd/react.production.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react-dom/16.6.3/umd/react-dom.production.min.js"></script>

<div id="root"></div>

score:2

Simply pass the parent's setState function via props to the child component.

function ParentComp() {
  const [searchValue, setSearchValue] = useState("");
  return <SearchBox setSearchValue={setSearchValue} searchValue={searchValue} />;
}

then in child component:

function SearchBox({ searchValue, setSearchValue }) {
  return (
        <input
          id="search-post"
          type="text"
          value={searchValue}
          onChange={(e) => setSearchValue(e.target.value)}
          placeholder="Search Blogs ..."
        />
    )
}

A second example to handle click from child component:

// We've below function and component in parent component
const clickHandler = (val) => {
  alert(`httpRequest sent. \nValue Received: ${val}`);
};

// JSX
<HttpRequest clickHandler={clickHandler} />

this is how you get function from parent component then pass a value and fire clickHandler through it.

function HttpRequest({ clickHandler }) {
  const [content, setContent] = useState("initialState");

  return (
    <button onClick={() => clickHandler(content)}>
      Send Request
    </button>
  );
}

export default HttpRequest;

score:4

We can create ParentComponent and with a handleInputChange method to update the ParentComponent state. Import the ChildComponent and we pass two props from the parent to the child component i.e., the handleInputChange function and count.

import React, { Component } from 'react';
import ChildComponent from './ChildComponent';

class ParentComponent extends Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.handleInputChange = this.handleInputChange.bind(this);
    this.state = {
      count: '',
    };
  }

  handleInputChange(e) {
    const { value, name } = e.target;
    this.setState({ [name]: value });
  }

  render() {
    const { count } = this.state;
    return (
      <ChildComponent count={count} handleInputChange={this.handleInputChange} />
    );
  }
}

Now we create the ChildComponent file and save it as ChildComponent.jsx. This component is stateless because the child component doesn't have a state. We use the prop-types library for props type checking.

import React from 'react';
import { func, number } from 'prop-types';

const ChildComponent = ({ handleInputChange, count }) => (
  <input onChange={handleInputChange} value={count} name="count" />
);

ChildComponent.propTypes = {
  count: number,
  handleInputChange: func.isRequired,
};

ChildComponent.defaultProps = {
  count: 0,
};

export default ChildComponent;

score:4

If you want to update the parent component,

class ParentComponent extends React.Component {
    constructor(props){
        super(props);
        this.state = {
           page: 0
        }
    }

    handler(val){
        console.log(val) // 1
    }

    render(){
        return (
            <ChildComponent onChange={this.handler} />
        )
    }
}


class ChildComponent extends React.Component {
    constructor(props) {
        super(props);
        this.state = {
             page: 1
        };
    }

    someMethod = (page) => {
        this.setState({ page: page });
        this.props.onChange(page)
    }

    render() {
        return (
            <Button
                onClick={() => this.someMethod()}
            > Click
        </Button>
      )
   }
}

Here onChange is an attribute with "handler" method bound to its instance. We passed the method handler to the Child class component, to receive via the onChange property in its props argument.

The attribute onChange will be set in a props object like this:

props = {
    onChange: this.handler
}

and passed to the child component.

So the child component can access the value of name in the props object like this props.onChange.

It's done through the use of render props.

Now the child component has a button “Click” with an onclick event set to call the handler method passed to it via onChange in its props argument object. So now this.props.onChange in the child holds the output method in the parent class.

Reference and credits: Bits and Pieces

score:4

If this same scenario is not spread everywhere you can use React's context, especially if you don't want to introduce all the overhead that state management libraries introduce. Plus, it's easier to learn. But be careful; you could overuse it and start writing bad code. Basically you define a Container component (that will hold and keep that piece of state for you) making all the components interested in writing/reading that piece of data to/from its children (not necessarily direct children).

Context - React

You could also use a plain React properly instead.

<Component5 onSomethingHappenedIn5={this.props.doSomethingAbout5} />

Pass doSomethingAbout5 up to Component 1:

<Component1>
    <Component2 onSomethingHappenedIn5={somethingAbout5 => this.setState({somethingAbout5})}/>
    <Component5 propThatDependsOn5={this.state.somethingAbout5}/>
<Component1/>

If this is a common problem, you should starting thinking moving the whole state of the application to somewhere else. You have a few options, the most common are:

Basically, instead of managing the application state in your component you send commands when something happens to get the state updated. Components pull the state from this container as well so all the data is centralized. This doesn't mean you can't use local state any more, but that's a more advanced topic.

score:4

We can set the parent state from a child component by passing a function into the child component as props as below:

class Parent extends React.Component{
    state = { term : ''}

     onInputChange = (event) => {
         this.setState({term: event.target.value});
     }

     onFormSubmit = (event) => {
         event.preventDefault();
         this.props.onFormSubmit(this.state.term);
     }

     render(){
         return (
             <Child onInputChange={this.onInputChange} onFormSubmit=
                {this.onFormSubmit} />
         )
     }
}


class Child extends React.Component{

     render(){
         return (
             <div className="search-bar ui segment">
                 <form className="ui form" onSubmit={this.props.onFormSubmit}>
                     <div class="field">
                         <label>Search Video</label>
                         <input type="text" value={this.state.term} onChange=
                             {this.props.onInputChange} />
                     </div>
                 </form>
             </div>
         )
     }
}

This way, the child will update the parent state onInputChange and onFormSubmit are props passed from parents. This can be called from event listeners in the child, hence the state will get updated there.

score:5

I've used a top rated answer from this page many times, but while learning React, I've found a better way to do that, without binding and without an inline function inside props.

Just look here:

class Parent extends React.Component {

  constructor() {
    super();
    this.state = {
      someVar: value
    }
  }

  handleChange = (someValue) => {
    this.setState({someVar: someValue})
  }

  render() {
    return <Child handler={this.handleChange} />
  }

}

export const Child = ({handler}) => {
  return <Button onClick={handler} />
}

The key is in an arrow function:

handleChange = (someValue) => {
  this.setState({someVar: someValue})
}

You can read more here.

score:6

It seems that we can only pass data from parent to child as React promotes unidirectional data flow, but to make the parent update itself when something happens in its "child component", we generally use what is called a "callback function".

We pass the function defined in the parent to the child as "props" and call that function from the child triggering it in the parent component.


class Parent extends React.Component {
  handler = (Value_Passed_From_SubChild) => {
    console.log("Parent got triggered when a grandchild button was clicked");
    console.log("Parent->Child->SubChild");
    console.log(Value_Passed_From_SubChild);
  }
  render() {
    return <Child handler = {this.handler} />
  }
}

class Child extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return <SubChild handler = {this.props.handler}/ >
  }
}

class SubChild extends React.Component {
  constructor(props){
   super(props);
   this.state = {
      somethingImp : [1,2,3,4]
   }
  }
  render() {
     return <button onClick = {this.props.handler(this.state.somethingImp)}>Clickme<button/>
  }
}
React.render(<Parent />,document.getElementById('app'));

 HTML
 ----
 <div id="app"></div>

In this example we can make data pass from sub childchildparent by passing function to its direct child.

score:6

Most of the answers given previously are for React.Component-based designs. If you are using useState in the recent upgrades of the React library, then follow this answer.

score:7

Whenever you require to communicate between a child to the parent at any level down, then it's better to make use of context. In the parent component define the context that can be invoked by the child, such as:

In the parent component, in your case component 3,

static childContextTypes = {
    parentMethod: React.PropTypes.func.isRequired
};

getChildContext() {
    return {
        parentMethod: (parameter_from_child) => this.parentMethod(parameter_from_child)
    };
}

parentMethod(parameter_from_child){
    // Update the state with parameter_from_child
}

Now in the child component (component 5 in your case), just tell this component that it wants to use the context of its parent.

static contextTypes = {
    parentMethod: React.PropTypes.func.isRequired
};

render() {
    return(
        <TouchableHighlight
            onPress = {() => this.context.parentMethod(new_state_value)}
            underlayColor='gray' >

            <Text> update state in parent component </Text>

        </TouchableHighlight>
)}

You can find the Demo project in this GitHub repository.

score:10

I found the following working solution to pass the onClick function argument from the child to the parent component with a parameter:

Parent class:

class Parent extends React.Component {
constructor(props) {
    super(props)

    // Bind the this context to the handler function
    this.handler = this.handler.bind(this);

    // Set some state
    this.state = {
        messageShown: false
    };
}

// This method will be sent to the child component
handler(param1) {
console.log(param1);
    this.setState({
        messageShown: true
    });
}

// Render the child component and set the action property with the handler as value
render() {
    return <Child action={this.handler} />
}}

Child class:

class Child extends React.Component {
render() {
    return (
        <div>
            {/* The button will execute the handler function set by the parent component */}
            <Button onClick={this.props.action.bind(this,param1)} />
        </div>
    )
} }

score:12

I like the answer regarding passing functions around. It's a very handy technique.

On the flip side you can also achieve this using pub/sub or using a variant, a dispatcher, as Flux does. The theory is super simple. Have component 5 dispatch a message which component 3 is listening for. Component 3 then updates its state which triggers the re-render. This requires stateful components, which, depending on your viewpoint, may or may not be an anti-pattern. I'm against them personally and would rather that something else is listening for dispatches and changes state from the very top-down (Redux does this, but it adds additional terminology).

import { Dispatcher } from 'flux'
import { Component } from 'React'

const dispatcher = new Dispatcher()

// Component 3
// Some methods, such as constructor, omitted for brevity
class StatefulParent extends Component {
  state = {
    text: 'foo'
  } 

  componentDidMount() {
    dispatcher.register( dispatch => {
      if ( dispatch.type === 'change' ) {
        this.setState({ text: 'bar' })
      }
    }
  }

  render() {
    return <h1>{ this.state.text }</h1>
  }
}

// Click handler
const onClick = event => {
  dispatcher.dispatch({
    type: 'change'
  })
}

// Component 5 in your example
const StatelessChild = props => {
  return <button onClick={ onClick }>Click me</button> 
}

The dispatcher bundles with Flux is very simple. It simply registers callbacks and invokes them when any dispatch occurs, passing through the contents on the dispatch (in the above terse example there is no payload with the dispatch, simply a message id). You could adapt this to traditional pub/sub (e.g., using the EventEmitter from events, or some other version) very easily if that makes more sense to you.

score:22

I want to thank the most upvoted answer for giving me the idea of my own problem basically the variation of it with arrow function and passing param from child component:

 class Parent extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props)
    // without bind, replaced by arrow func below
  }

  handler = (val) => {
    this.setState({
      someVar: val
    })
  }

  render() {
    return <Child handler = {this.handler} />
  }
}

class Child extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return <Button onClick = {() => this.props.handler('the passing value')}/ >
  }
}

Hope it helps someone.

score:64

I found the following working solution to pass the onClick function argument from the child to the parent component:

Version with passing a method()

//ChildB component
class ChildB extends React.Component {

    render() {

        var handleToUpdate = this.props.handleToUpdate;
        return (<div><button onClick={() => handleToUpdate('someVar')}>
            Push me
          </button>
        </div>)
    }
}

//ParentA component
class ParentA extends React.Component {

    constructor(props) {
        super(props);
        var handleToUpdate = this.handleToUpdate.bind(this);
        var arg1 = '';
    }

    handleToUpdate(someArg){
        alert('We pass argument from Child to Parent: ' + someArg);
        this.setState({arg1:someArg});
    }

    render() {
        var handleToUpdate = this.handleToUpdate;

        return (<div>
                    <ChildB handleToUpdate = {handleToUpdate.bind(this)} /></div>)
    }
}

if(document.querySelector("#demo")){
    ReactDOM.render(
        <ParentA />,
        document.querySelector("#demo")
    );
}

Look at JSFiddle

Version with passing an Arrow function

//ChildB component
class ChildB extends React.Component {

    render() {

        var handleToUpdate = this.props.handleToUpdate;
        return (<div>
          <button onClick={() => handleToUpdate('someVar')}>
            Push me
          </button>
        </div>)
    }
}

//ParentA component
class ParentA extends React.Component {
    constructor(props) {
        super(props);
    }

    handleToUpdate = (someArg) => {
            alert('We pass argument from Child to Parent: ' + someArg);
    }

    render() {
        return (<div>
            <ChildB handleToUpdate = {this.handleToUpdate} /></div>)
    }
}

if(document.querySelector("#demo")){
    ReactDOM.render(
        <ParentA />,
        document.querySelector("#demo")
    );
}

Look at JSFiddle

score:64

This is how to do it with the new useState hook.

Method - Pass the state changer function as a props to the child component and do whatever you want to do with the function:

import React, {useState} from 'react';

const ParentComponent = () => {
  const[state, setState]=useState('');
  
  return(
    <ChildComponent stateChanger={setState} />
  )
}


const ChildComponent = ({stateChanger, ...rest}) => {
  return(
    <button onClick={() => stateChanger('New data')}></button>
  )
}

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