Accepted answer

Where returns a new sequence of items matching the predicate.

Any returns a Boolean value; there's a version with a predicate (in which case it returns whether or not any items match) and a version without (in which case it returns whether the query-so-far contains any items).

I'm not sure about Exists - it's not a LINQ standard query operator. If there's a version for the Entity Framework, perhaps it checks for existence based on a key - a sort of specialized form of Any? (There's an Exists method in List<T> which is similar to Any(predicate) but that predates LINQ.)


foreach (var item in model.Where(x => !model2.Any(y => y.ID == x.ID)).ToList())
enter code here

same work you also can do with Contains

secondly Where is give you new list of values. thirdly using Exist is not a good practice, you can achieve your target from Any and contains like

EmployeeDetail _E = Db.EmployeeDetails.where(x=>x.Id==1).FirstOrDefault();

Hope this will clear your confusion.


Any() returns true if any of the elements in a collection meet your predicate's criteria. (Any() does not iterate through the entire collection, as it returns upon the first match.)

Where() returns an enumerable of all elements in a collection that meet your predicate's criteria.

Exists() does the same thing as Any() except it's just an older implementation that was there on the List back before LINQ.


IEnumerable introduces quite a number of extensions to it which helps you to pass your own delegate and invoking the resultant from the IEnumerable back. Most of them are by nature of type Func

The Func takes an argument T and returns TResult.

In case of

Where - Func : So it takes IEnumerable of T and Returns a bool. The where will ultimately returns the IEnumerable of T's for which Func returns true.

So if you have 1,5,3,6,7 as IEnumerable and you write .where(r => r<5) it will return a new IEnumerable of 1,3.

Any - Func basically is similar in signature but returns true only when any of the criteria returns true for the IEnumerable. In our case, it will return true as there are few elements present with r<5.

Exists - Predicate on the other hand will return true only when any one of the predicate returns true. So in our case if you pass .Exists(r => 5) will return true as 5 is an element present in IEnumerable.


Any - boolean function that returns true when any of object in list satisfies condition set in function parameters. For example:

List<string> strings = LoadList();
boolean hasNonEmptyObject = strings.Any(s=>string.IsNullOrEmpty(s));

Where - function that returns list with all objects in list that satisfy condition set in function parameters. For example:

IEnumerable<string> nonEmptyStrings = strings.Where(s=> !string.IsNullOrEmpty(s));

Exists - basically the same as any but it's not generic - it's defined in List class, while Any is defined on IEnumerable interface.


Just so you can find it next time, here is how you search for the enumerable Linq extensions. The methods are static methods of Enumerable, thus Enumerable.Any, Enumerable.Where and Enumerable.Exists.

As the third returns no usable result, I found that you meant List.Exists, thus:

I also recommend as this is has very comprehensive and clear guides, as well clear explanations of the behavior of Linq methods in relation to deferness and lazyness.


context.Authors.Where(a => a.Books.Any(b => b.BookID == bookID)).ToList();

a.Books is the list of books by that author. The property is automatically created by Linq-to-Sql, provided you have a foreign-key relationship set up.

So, a.Books.Any(b => b.BookID == bookID) translates to "Do any of the books by this author have an ID of bookID", which makes the complete expression "Who are the authors of the book with id bookID?"

That could also be written something like

  from a in context.Authors
  join b in context.Books on a.AuthorId equal b.AuthorID
  where b.BookID == bookID
  select a;

UPDATE: Any() as far as I know, only returns a bool. Its effective implementation is:

 public Any(this IEnumerable<T> coll, Func<T, bool> predicate)
     foreach(T t in coll)
         if (predicte(t))
            return true;
     return false;

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