Accepted answer

Warning - Serious Performance Issues

Though this answer does produce the desired result, it suffers from poor performance compared to other answers here. Be very careful about deciding to use it

By using LINQ, this should work;

string delimiter = ",";
List<string> items = new List<string>() { "foo", "boo", "john", "doe" };
Console.WriteLine(items.Aggregate((i, j) => i + delimiter + j));

class description:

public class Foo
    public string Boo { get; set; }


class Program
    static void Main(string[] args)
        string delimiter = ",";
        List<Foo> items = new List<Foo>() { new Foo { Boo = "ABC" }, new Foo { Boo = "DEF" },
            new Foo { Boo = "GHI" }, new Foo { Boo = "JKL" } };

        Console.WriteLine(items.Aggregate((i, j) => new Foo{Boo = (i.Boo + delimiter + j.Boo)}).Boo);


And here is my best :)

items.Select(i => i.Boo).Aggregate((i, j) => i + delimiter + j)


You can use Aggregate, to concatenate the strings into a single, character separated string but will throw an Invalid Operation Exception if the collection is empty.

You can use Aggregate function with a seed string.

var seed = string.Empty;
var seperator = ",";

var cars = new List<string>() { "Ford", "McLaren Senna", "Aston Martin Vanquish"};

var carAggregate = cars.Aggregate(seed,
                (partialPhrase, word) => $"{partialPhrase}{seperator}{word}").TrimStart(',');

you can use string.Join doesn’t care if you pass it an empty collection.

var seperator = ",";

var cars = new List<string>() { "Ford", "McLaren Senna", "Aston Martin Vanquish"};

var carJoin = string.Join(seperator, cars);


Put String.Join into an extension method. Here is the version I use, which is less verbose than Jordaos version.

  • returns empty string "" when list is empty. Aggregate would throw exception instead.
  • probably better performance than Aggregate
  • is easier to read when combined with other LINQ methods than a pure String.Join()


var myStrings = new List<string>() { "a", "b", "c" };
var joinedStrings = myStrings.Join(",");  // "a,b,c"

Extensionmethods class

public static class ExtensionMethods
    public static string Join(this IEnumerable<string> texts, string separator)
        return String.Join(separator, texts);


This answer aims to extend and improve some mentions of LINQ-based solutions. It is not an example of a "good" way to solve this per se. Just use string.Join as suggested when it fits your needs.


This answer is prompted by the second part of the question (a generic approach) and some comments expressing a deep affinity for LINQ.

Given that there is no answer matching all these requirements, I propose an implementation that is based on LINQ, running in linear time, works with enumerations of arbitrary length, and supports generic conversions to string for the elements.

So, LINQ or bust? Okay.
static string Serialize<T>(IEnumerable<T> enumerable, char delim, Func<T, string> toString)
    return enumerable.Aggregate(
        new StringBuilder(),
        (sb, t) => sb.Append(toString(t)).Append(delim),
        sb =>
            if (sb.Length > 0)

            return sb.ToString();

This implementation is more involved than many alternatives, predominantly because we need to manage the boundary conditions for the delimiter (separator) in our own code.

It should run in linear time, traversing the elements at most twice.

Once for generating all the strings to be appended in the first place, and zero to one time while generating the final result during the final ToString call. This is because the latter may be able to just return the buffer that happened to be large enough to contain all the appended strings from the get go, or it has to regenerate the full thing (unlikely), or something in between. See e.g. What is the Complexity of the StringBuilder.ToString() on SO for more information.

Final Words

Just use string.Join as suggested if it fits your needs, adding a Select when you need to massage the sequence first.

This answer's main intent is to illustrate that it is possible to keep the performance in check using LINQ. The result is (probably) too verbose to recommend, but it exists.


I have done this using LINQ:

var oCSP = (from P in db.Products select new { P.ProductName });

string joinedString = string.Join(",", oCSP.Select(p => p.ProductName));


List<string> strings = new List<string>() { "ABC", "DEF", "GHI" };
string s = strings.Aggregate((a, b) => a + ',' + b);


I think that if you define the logic in an extension method the code will be much more readable:

public static class EnumerableExtensions { 
  public static string Join<T>(this IEnumerable<T> self, string separator) {  
    return String.Join(separator, self.Select(e => e.ToString()).ToArray()); 

public class Person {  
  public string FirstName { get; set; }  
  public string LastName { get; set; }  
  public override string ToString() {
    return string.Format("{0} {1}", FirstName, LastName);

// ...

List<Person> people = new List<Person>();
// ...
string fullNames = people.Join(", ");
string lastNames = people.Select(p => p.LastName).Join(", ");


You can simply use:

List<string> items = new List<string>() { "foo", "boo", "john", "doe" };

Console.WriteLine(string.Join(",", items));

Happy coding!


Good question. I've been using

List<string> myStrings = new List<string>{ "ours", "mine", "yours"};
string joinedString = string.Join(", ", myStrings.ToArray());

It's not LINQ, but it works.


using System.Linq;

public class Person
  string FirstName { get; set; }
  string LastName { get; set; }

List<Person> persons = new List<Person>();

string listOfPersons = string.Join(",", persons.Select(p => p.FirstName));


Note: This answer does not use LINQ to generate the concatenated string. Using LINQ to turn enumerables into delimited strings can cause serious performance problems

Modern .NET (since .NET 4)

This is for an array, list or any type that implements IEnumerable:

string.Join(delimiter, enumerable);

And this is for an enumerable of custom objects:

string.Join(delimiter, enumerable.Select(i => i.Boo));

Old .NET (before .NET 4)

This is for a string array:

string.Join(delimiter, array);

This is for a List<string>:

string.Join(delimiter, list.ToArray());

And this is for a list of custom objects:

string.Join(delimiter, list.Select(i => i.Boo).ToArray());


string result = String.Join(delimiter, list);

is sufficient.

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