Welcome to Freedom Technologies, In this post, we’ll discuss inserting large amounts of random data into SQL tables for performance testing in the next post we will use these large tables to test the performance of queries that use Joins and subqueries.

How populate sql table with random data?

-- If Table [TblStudent] and [TblDonation] exists then drop the tables
If (Exists (select *
from information_schema.tables
where table_name = 'TblStudent'))
Drop Table TblStudent

If (Exists (select *
from information_schema.tables
where table_name = 'TblDonation'))
Drop Table TblDonation

-- Recreate [TblStudent] and [TblDonation] tables
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[TblStudent](
[Id] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
[StudentName] [nvarchar](max) NOT NULL,
[FatherName] [nvarchar](max) NOT NULL,
[Id] ASC

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[TblDonation](
[Id] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
[StudentId] [int] NULL,
[DonationAmount] [float] NULL,
[Id] ASC
--We are Inserting Sample dummy data into the TblStudent table
Declare @Id int
Set @Id = 1

While(@Id <= 200000)
Insert into TblStudent values('Student Name - ' + CAST(@Id as nvarchar(20)),
'Father Name - ' + CAST(@Id as nvarchar(20)))

Print @Id
Set @Id = @Id + 1

-- Declare variables to hold a random StudentId from the TblStudent table,
-- DonationAmount
declare @RandomStudentId int
declare @RandomDonationAmount float

-- Declare and set variables to generate a
-- random StudentId between 1 and 200000
declare @UpperLimitForStudentId int
declare @LowerLimitForStudentId int

set @UpperLimitForStudentId = 1
set @LowerLimitForStudentId = 200000

-- Declare and set variables to generate a
-- random UnitPrice between 10 and 500
declare @UpperLimitForDonationAmount int
declare @LowerLimitForDonationAmount int

set @LowerLimitForDonationAmount = 10
set @UpperLimitForDonationAmount = 500

--Insert Sample data into TblDonation table
Declare @Counter int
Set @Counter = 1

While(@Counter <= 500000)
select @RandomStudentId = Round(((@UpperLimitForStudentId - @LowerLimitForStudentId) * Rand() + @LowerLimitForStudentId), 0)
select @RandomDonationAmount = Round(((@UpperLimitForDonationAmount - @LowerLimitForDonationAmount) * Rand() + @LowerLimitForDonationAmount), 0)

Insert into [TblDonation]

Print @Counter
Set @Counter = @Counter + 1

There are three parts to the SQL script.

The first part will actually check if the tables exist, TblStudent and TblDonation

If the tables exist, they will be dropped. And then the second part, we recreate those tables and the final part will insert random sample data into those tables. Let’s see how we are checking for the existence of those tables and dropping them.

So to check the existence of tables, I’m using the system table called information_schema.tables. Let’s see what this table contains. So let’s execute query, select * from information_schema.tables


And look at this. This query has returned me with a list of table names. Where are these tables present? These tables are present in the TestDatabase because we executed a query within the context of the TestDatabase database.

I got all the tables that are present within that TestDatabase database and we are checking here if the table name is TblStudent. So do we have TblStudent within information_schema.tables? Yes, and we are passing that to Exists() function.

Exist() function will return true if the table exists, otherwise, it’s going to return false. So if this function returns true, that means the table is present. We want to drop it. So drop table TblStudent.

then the second part will actually recreate those tables, create table TblStudent and TblDonation table.  and the important thing to notice here is that StudentId is a foreign key. So this is referring to the ID column in the TblStudent table.


So the third and final step is to actually insert sample data, inserting sample data into tables. It’s very simple and straightforward.

So if you look at the TblStudent table, it has got three columns within that id, StudentName , FatherName Id column is the identity column.Meaning when we insert a row into table TblStudent, we don’t have to supply a value for the identity column.

We only need to supply values for name and description columns which are of type and [nvarchar]. so the name is going to be dynamically computed. So the name of the student, since this random data I’m going to call my student says student1,student2,student3 …Studentn, etc.. Similarly, the father’s name description is going to be Father Name 1, Father Name 2, etc.

So while we declare a variable of type integer @Id and the @Id is initialized to 1, so while that @Id is less than or equal to 200000, which means we are going to loop through 200000 times, I’m going to insert 200000 students into the TblStudent table. So what we are doing insert into TblStudent values. So first we need to supply the value for the name column and then for the first name.

And to that what we are doing, we are concatenating the @Id value first-time @Id value will be 1. We are converting that to nvarchar because @Id is an integer variable. But we are since we are concatenating that to another string, we need to typecast that to be of type nvarchar, which is what we are doing here.

So that will give value for the name column, Student Name-1, Student Name-2, etc.

And ‘Father Name – ‘ + CAST(@Id as nvarchar(20)) will give me Father Name -1, which is going to be the value for the Father Name column.

Now you execute the above query it will take approx 2-3 minutes.


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